What is the Small Claims Court?

The Small Claims Court is a branch of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice. The Small Claims Court deals with property and monetary issues. The limit on value is $25,000.00. The parties are called the 'Plaintiff' and the 'Defendant'. The Plaintiff starts the case by filing a claim, and the Defendant can disagree and file a Defence or Defendants Claim (a claim against the Plaintiff), or the Defendant can accept all or part of the claim.


What kinds of cases does the Small Claims Court hear?

As a civil court, the Small Claims hears cases within the $25,000.00 monetary limit. These can include but are not limited to:

  • Unpaid wage claims

  • Breach of Contract

  • Collecting on unpaid debts

  • Personal Injury*

  • Tort (civil wrong cases)

  • Human Rights**

  • Employment***

  • Defective Workmanship

  • Intellectual Property and Copyright claims****

*Maximum claim of $25,000.00. It is suggested that before commencing a claim for Personal Injury in the Small Claims Court you contact a Lawyer. 

**Only when seeking monetary compensation only not exceeding $25,000.00. 

***Only when seeking monetary compensation exclusively and not exceeding $25,000.00.

****Only when seeking monetary compensation exclusively and not exceeding $25,000.00. If you have a matter involving Copyright or Intellectual Property it is strongly advised that you first speak to a Lawyer.